Good Livestock Management Practices

• Animals to be added to a herd should be isolated 3 to 4 weeks before they are placed with the herd. This includes both new animals and those removed from the herd and exposed to other animals.
• A sound immunisation programme should be followed.
• Clean, healthful surroundings should be provided.
• Rations must be nutritionally adequate.
• Visitors and new animals should not be allowed in the livestock area.
• Diseases should be accurately and quickly diagnosed.
• A competent veterinarian should be consulted when a health problem arises.
• Livestock should be handled properly. For example, canvas slappers, rather than clubs and whips, should be used.
• Protruding nails and broken boards should be eliminated.
• Machinery and equipment should be removed from the field.
• Horned cattle should be dehorned.
• Barns should be bedded properly.
• Animals should be loaded slowly and carefully.
• Partitions should be used to separate different classes of livestock.
• Livestock should be protected from inclement weather.
Take care in the animals’ living quarters. Make sure that there is sufficient space for all animals. Crowded conditions tend to promote the incidence of disease. There must always be fresh air and temperature control through ventilation. Ensure good drainage – floors and pens must be kept dry and clean. Bedding must be kept fresh, and manure should be disposed of often.